Both Literary and Eye Witnesses
Believe it or not this list is quite extensive but far from complete. We will be highlighting just some of the proposed ark locations as well as ark sightings. For thorough information pertaining to each story, you might want to inquire into the books or articles mentioned in the resources link above.
According to the book of Genesis at Gen 8:4 "In the seventh month, on the seventeenth day of the month, the ark rested upon the mountains of Ararat" [ Heb. rrt ] (NSAB). The (CEV) put it this way "the boat came to rest somewhere in the Ararat mountains".
It is important to mention here that older bibles use Armenia ( ex. John Wycliffe ) in place of of the word Ararat. It is also note worthy that one understands that the Ararat region is synonymous with the Armenian word Urartu know as the Kingdom of Urartu. This country of Urartu located in eastern Asia Minor flourished from the 9th to the 6th centuries BCE. Its center was near Lake Van .
These maps below show the Armenian Highlands and the location of the Mountains of Ararat region ( aka Urartu in antiquity )
The reason why the volcanic mountain today called Mount Ararat (elev. 16,854 ft.) has so many people thinking that this is the mountain that the Ark of Noah came to rest on is all the eyewitness testimonies you will find below. But without actual evidence, the mountain remains in question.
The mountains of Urartu Region in antiquity spanned area of 82,000 to 200,000 sq. mi. extending into modern Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Turkey.
2100 BCE - Epic of Gilgamesh
The Epic of Gilgamesh is an epic poem from ancient Mesopotamia, regarded as the earliest surviving notable literature and the second oldest religious text, after the Pyramid Texts. Its flood story is contained on the 11th cuneiform tablet in a series relating to the Gilgamesh epic. The flood tablet as it is sometimes called, related a story of a great flood that destroyed most of mankind. According to the tablet the boat came to rest on the top of Mount Nisir. This mountain is supposedly the mountain known today as Pir Omar Gudrun, near the city Sulaymaniyah in Iraqi Kurdistan. The name may mean "Mount of Salvation".
Some argue that the bible borrowed this story to make the Noah story. One must only read it to see the many difference in the account to ascertain that the two stories and far from similar. Please note that in history just because a story is written down later than another, it will not make the latter any less authentic or untrue. Particularly when the narratives are so different!
The Sumerian Deluge Tablet Written 1800 BCE
MT Nisir possible location
275 BCE - Berossus
Berossus writings were published about 275 B.C. in Greek but his works survived only as far as it was quoted by others, notably, Alexander Polyhistor (1st Century B.C.), and by Josephus (1st Century A.D.). A few others also quote him as late as the 5th Century A.D. Berossus' account is basically a version of the Babylonian Flood account. He notes that the Ark "...grounded in Armenia some part still remains in the mountains of the Gordyaeans in Armenia, and some get pitch from the ship by scraping off, and use it for amulets."
These map of Asia Minor illustrates the location of the Gordyaean Mountains ( aka Corduene Mountains )
According to the 1911 Encyclopedia Britannica, Gordyene is the ancient name of the region of Bohtan (now Şırnak Province). It is mentioned as Beth Qardu in Syriac sources and is described as a small vassal state between Armenia and Persia in the mountainous area south of Lake Van in modern Turkey.